022 Gabatarwar kayan aikin lantarki gama gari (F)

Gabatarwar kayan aikin lantarki gama gari (F)

2. Capacitor

Capacitors, kamar masu sauyawa masu taɓawa, kayan aikin lantarki ne gama gari.Sauran masana'antun kuma suna kiran maɓallin taɓawa a matsayin maɓalli na dabara, maɓallin turawa, ko maɓallin taɓawar haske, da sauransu.

A. Ma'anar capacitor
Capacitor, sau da yawa ake magana a kai a matsayin ikonsa na riƙe caji, ana nuna shi ta harafin C.
Ma'anar 1: Capacitor, kamar yadda sunansa ya nuna, shine 'container latrik', na'urar da ke ɗauke da cajin lantarki.Sunan Ingilishi: capacitor.Capacitors na ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da aka fi amfani da su na lantarki a cikin kayan lantarki.Ana amfani da su ko'ina a cikin keɓewar kewaye, haɗa haɗin gwiwa, kewayawa, tacewa, madaidaicin madauki, canjin makamashi, sarrafawa da sauran fannoni.
Ma'anar 2: capacitor.duk wani conductors guda biyu (ciki har da wayoyi) waɗanda aka keɓance daga juna kuma sun kasance kusa da juna suna zama capacitor.Capacitors sun bambanta da capacitors.
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B. Amfani da capacitors
(a).Dc keɓewa: aikin shine don hana dc wucewa ta kuma ba da damar AC ta wuce.
(b).Kewaya (decoupling): Yana ba da ƙananan hanyar da ba ta da ƙarfi don wasu abubuwa masu kama da juna a cikin da'irar AC.
(c).Haɗin kai: Haɗa tsakanin da'irori biyu waɗanda ke ba da damar siginar ac su wuce kuma a watsa su zuwa da'ira ta gaba.
(d).Tace: wannan yana da matukar mahimmanci ga DIY, capacitor akan katin zane shine ainihin wannan rawar.
(e).Matsakaicin zafin jiki: don inganta kwanciyar hankali na kewaye ta hanyar ramawa ga tasirin rashin dacewa da sauran abubuwan da aka gyara zuwa zafin jiki.
(f).Lokaci: Ana amfani da capacitor tare da resistor don tantance tsawon lokacin da'irar.
(g).Kunnawa: Daidaita tsarin da'irori masu dogaro da mitoci, kamar wayoyin hannu, rediyo, saitin talabijin.
(h).Gyarawa: Don kunna ko kashe taron sauya madugu a ƙayyadadden lokaci.
(i).Ma'ajiyar makamashi: Adana makamashin lantarki don fitarwa idan ya cancanta.Kamar filasha kamara, kayan dumama da sauransu.(A yau, wasu capacitors na iya adana makamashi mai yawa kamar batirin lithium-ion, kuma capacitor guda ɗaya na iya kunna wayar salula na kwana ɗaya.


Lokacin aikawa: Juni-19-2022